Design processes serve to develop artistic spatial configurations and to verify their potential regarding varying quality requirements. They consist of phases of generating variety, evaluation and selection. The creative part of designing is made up of the illustration and translation of different approaches into distinct artefacts like drawings and models.

The analytic-discursive part comprises the comparison, the interpretation, the naming and the assessment of these artefacts. Accordingly, various techniques of work and representation are to be used and combined. Their usage is connected to specific possibilities and constraints; each of which are to be deliberately reflected and considered in respect of their respective influence on the design process.


Techniques of representation play a major role within planning related mediation and negotiation processes. They illustrate design intentions and characteristics during the process, most of which are only insufficiently communicable by language. The target audience consists of experts, political representatives and persons concerned and interested.

Characteristic for this heterogeneous group are diverse professional and socio-cultural backgrounds, which have to be kept in mind on the choice of the respective forms of communication. Beyond the imparting of design content, the recipients shall be enabled to accompany planning processes in a comprehensive, active and equitable manner


Manual work techniques, such as drawing and model building, have been complemented by different computer-assisted techniques since the mid 1990s. By now, the digital tools available comprise vector and bitmap based applications, but also3D modelling, rendering, animation and video editing. Via scripting and parameterization, intersections within 3D applications allow for accomplishment of increasingly complex design processes. From a hardware point of view, new input stations and a currently differentiating range of 3-dimensional output devices are on hand. These techniques are embedded in a complex structure of web-based exchange opportunities.

The applied techniques primarily hail from foreign disciplines and their respective contexts and working environments. Thus they are partly liable to very different paradigms of application and organization. Hence their usage in the field of landscape architecture involves constraints and steps of adjustment and adaption. These include programme-independently consistent input methods, sections of manners of work and perception and delays and breaks in the working processes. In order to manage the given diversity of different techniques, a systematic introduction into the respective paradigms of implementation and intersection is necessary. Complementary, competences of self-learning are to be taught and strengthened.